NAME: the name of the island is said
to have originated from the Phoenician Salam. With this name,
it is referred to by Homer. The younger researchers though refer
to names as Pitioussa, Kihria, Skiras, Kulouris, etc.
MYTHOLOGY : The creators of Greek myth provided the islands
of the Argosaronikos gulf with beautiful myths, relative with
the naming and the local heroes. The Saronik gulf received its
name from the mythical king of Trizina, Saron who was a famous
hunter that drowned in the waters of the gulf while in pursuit
of a deer. Salamina received its name from the nymph Salamina
daughter of the Corinthian river Asopos. Poseidon felt in love
with the daughter and they had a son, Kihria the first mythical
king of Salamina who was half human half fish. Telamonas married
his daughter Glafki and became the king of the island.
History: Salamina was inhabited
dating back to the Neolithic period as is revealed from
the findings throughout the southern coastline. Due to
its preferential geographical location it often became
the reason for disputes among the largest cities who whished
to have the island under their possession. During the
archaic period Salamina developed into powerful economic,
commercial center of Greece under the control of the Athenians.
When in the beginning of the 5th century B.C. the Persian
fleet sailed in the Aegean, Salamina did not resist them
but instead collaborated with the Persians on their own
will, so as to not interrupt the commercial dealings with
the harbors Asia Minor. Ten years after their defeat at
Marathon, the Persians attempt to attack Greece for the
second time. As it is mentioned by Herodotus this was
the first time in history that an military power appeared
that was so strong and organized.
The oracle of Delphi . prophesized that Greece would be
saved from the wooden barriers. Thus united the Greeks
with their leaders Themistocles from Athens and the Spartan
vice-admiral Ebribiadis assembled their strength in Salamina.
Other participants were the troops from Salamina, Aigina,
Megara, Thiva and Corinthians. The leaders disagreed whether
the Naval battle should take place at Salamina or in Isthmus
of Corinth's. The naval battle of Salamina, was an even
of great importance, not only because it liberated Greece
from Persian danger, but also because it saved all Europe
from the Asiatic barbarism.
Information that has derived from
various inscriptions that were discovered on the island,
the day that the historic naval battle of Salamina was
taking place the great tragic poet Euripides was born.
As for the other two poets of tragedy of Greece, Aeschylus
was at battle and Sofoklis who was a teenager at the
time was directing the teenage choir that were singing
the paiana after the battle. During the Peloponnesian
war the Salaminian allies naturally with the Athenians
and were attacked by the Spartan general Vrasidas.
During 4th century B.C. Salamina experienced a new age
of prosperity that was accompanied by the cuting of
a brass currency . In 318 B.C. they defected from Athenians
to and allied with the Macedonians.
At 307 B.C the Athenians again gained the authority
on the island. They imprisoned the defectors, convicted
to death the head general Aishitadis, sent the inhabitant
away and positioned clergyman at the island. The prisoners
were freed by the Macedonian King Kassandros but when
he died Salamina came under the leadership of Achain
It was then pillage by the Macedonians and experinced multiple
pirate raids. During Roman Empire, the island was dependant
of the Athenians but they were typically ruled by the Roman
Conquerors. During the difficult centuries of the Turkish occupation
Salamina enjoyed privileges in view of the fact that its shipyards
were distinguished for the of the Sultan's ships.
In the more recent years the inhabitatants of Salamina worked
in the industrial zone of Perama in Piraeus and also in the
naval station. They are also involved with the shipping and
fishing. They have also become known for their significant intellectual
celebrities going back to the ancients until today.