Prehistoric settlement: The constitution of the ancient
castle city is slipping to the century’s depth. Its enviable strategy
place at that time closed Corinthian bay and that was the reason for Nafpaktos
to be the apple of discord between the strong people of that period. So
that seaside state was joined with the big move of Iraklion (Dorians)
to the end of IB’ p.c century. Here the ancient writers wrote that Iraklides
constructed their ships in order to pass and go to Peloponnese.
Ancient abstinence: Nafpaktos was to the center
of the quarrel of Ancient Greece. Lokroi, Athens’s people, Messinians,
Achaioi, Fidaioi, Macedonians, Aitoloi are being alternated
to Nafpaktos’s manipulatable of it’s lack through the many centuries
In 454 p.c the admiral Tolmidis with the Greek trierarchy and
4000 soldiers obsessed Nafpakto he removed the Lokrian people
and he established his allies the Messinian people who have
been expatriated from the Spartiatians during the 3rd
Roman years: Nafpaktos and some other Aitolian cities for the next 80
years were subordinated to the Roman and they took in Roman watches. When
the war between the Roman people started the watches were back off and
the Aitolian cities were free but very tired. The withdrawal of the Roman
troops helped many foreign people to take advantage and so they crept
over Kalidona and Nafpakto.
Byzantine period: After the division of the Roman nation in East and West
Aitolia together with the rest Greece represented piece of Byzantine.
During the Byzantine administrative division Nafpaktos was the capital
of the main Greece that consisted 39 cities.
Domain of Ipeiro: During 1204 a.c when Constantinople was dominated
from the West European people (Franks) and the earth dispersal of the
Byzantine Empire, Nafpaktos was with the side of the Venetians. But Michael
Angel Komninos crept over Aitoloakarnania, Ipeiro and the West Thessaly
and built the Domain of Ipeiro with country town Arta.
Venetian domination 1407-1499: Nafpaktos has
met better days during the period of Roman domination. The Venetian
commerce that was conducted in Patra was removed in Nafpaktos.
The Turkish people dominated Lidoriki and Birtinitsa in 1445
and made an attempt to conquest Nafpaktos. But the Venetians
in order to save their shopping center they threw annual tax
to Sultan. For all that the Turkish people siege Nafpakto for
eight months but without result.
Revolution in 1821: When the Greek revolution of 1821 bust,
Nafpaktos was used as military base due to it’s tenacious revetments
from the Turkish people. For that reason the main target of
the Greek people was to capture the castles of Nafpakto and
Antirio. So the Greek soldiery started to be gathered around
the forts wanting to stop every replenishment of food and war
Giousoof pasha who was set up commander in Antirio controlled the entire
sea region and he refitted the castles. That was done till 21 May of the
same year where 6 ships of Hydra, 6 from Spetses and 3 from Galaxidi jointed
together, represented the Greek navy and they took to their hands the
control of the seaside region in front of Antirio and Nafpaktos.