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Kos name hasn’t changed from the ancient years till today. Some people believe that the name Kos has came from the name of a queen daughter of Triopa King the second who’s named Koos. Some other say that the name is owed to the kariki word Koion either because the island has the shape of a lamb or because there were a lot of lambs in Ko: some other support the island named in that way which implied prison.


The island was in inhabited from the Neolithic years, as it is proved from Neolithic exhibits in Aspropetra’s cave near to Kefalo. Many mythological traditions of Greek ancients are reported in the settlement and some characteristic events in Ko during the prehistorically period.

According to such tradition the giants, children of the sky and the soil when they lost in the terrifying battle against Olympus Cods, got away.

God Poseidon
who hunted the giant Poliboti cut with his trident a piece from Ko, he threw it against Poliboti and killed him. Relevant with the above tradition is the mythological information that the giants Koios, Foibos and Kinnos got away to Ko. According to those myths many heroes and semi gods have visited the island. It seems that the first inhabitants of the island were Pelasgoi and Leleges.

Another tradition mentions that Meropes who where creative people, built the first ancient city of the island and gave they gave the name of the King Meropa’s daughter Astipalaia. Successor of Meropa the first, was Triopas the second. To the flourishing years of Crete, Minoas the second for all that he became master of almost the whole Mediterranean and threw away Kares from the most islands, he preferred not to harm the inhabitants of Ko and retain of friendship with them. After Triopa the third his son Eudaimonas became king of the island. Later around 1300 Hercule’s and Astioxis son and king of Rhodes Tripolemos, asserted and the island Ko.

The ancient adoration: in ancient Ko, Aesculapius the Intir and Hercules have been adored. The ancient Koos to respect the god of medicine have organized ceremonies in which they offered sacrifices. Of course in ancient Ko, some other gods have been admired such as: Dias, Dimitra, Dionusos, Hera, Afroditi.

The ancient municipality: the most ancient city of Ko was Astypalaia. This region is corresponding with the today’s sea place Palatia near to the village Kefalos from the ancient years the island had kings. The political institutions started to change in the Greek region from the 7th and 6th century.

Ancient Theatre

The inhabitants of Kos adopted new ideas and forced their leaders to finally allot the supreme authority to municipality’s church. Pubic cashers, accountants, gendarmes and judges were appointed. Teachers taught in schools and were paid by their student parents. To the celebrations and the athletic events the leader was the high school principal, and the athletic events were settled by the school superidentent. Responsible for the management of the music were guitar – players and responsible for education were the school superidentent.

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