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HISTORY

Man first appeared both on Evia and on Skyros during the Paleolithic Age. Particularly, in the region of New Artaki finds were discovered coming from workshops which produced stone tools. During the next centuries (1200 B.C. and later) the Ionians arrived and settled on Evia throwing out the older inhabitants, the Avandes. Chalkis, Eretria and the region of Oreon were completely destroyed by the Romans during the first and second Macedonian wars.

The roman expending domination came to an only temporary standstill when the king of Pontos, Mithridates, conquered the island, wishing to transform it into a base for his expeditions against the Romans. Around the 7th century the city of Chalkis was abandoned, as its citizens left the original site and settled in the west near the hill of Euripus, where they fortified themselves with a wall. With the fall of the Byzantine Empire and its division among the Latin conquerors, the island of Evia was taken over by three Lombard noblemen.

During the following years Evia, or otherwise called the kingdom of Negreponte, became a commercial center with an excellent organization. During the period when Evia belonged to the Ottoman Empire, it constituted together with the eastern mainland an administrative region with seat in Chalkis.

It should be noted that Evia under the Ottoman occupation underwent periods of terrible oppression, while the Turks, recognizing the stating importance of the geographic position of Chalkis, had transformed it into a fortress. The island achieved its freedom long after the declaration of the Greek Independence, a fact with bears witness to the hardships it passed under the Turkish slavery.

Chalkida

Monastery

In the following years its fate improved considerably with Evia becoming a county with Chalkis as its capital. In the same county as the large island are also the islands of Skyros and the northern Sporades. From there on its development was the main concern.

The bridge over the channel of Euripos and the railway connection with Athens was the volting board for the progress of the county. Industry and tourism strengthened Evia and helped it to prosper economically.

Birthplace of the famous musician Nikolas Skalkotas and the writer-poet Jannis Skaribas, Evia today forms a point of attraction with an highly developed cultural element, tradition and tourist infrastructure.

 
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