The marine area on which, spread the gulfs of
Saronikos and Argolikos, it is called Argosaronikos. The Argosaronikos’
islands (Agistri, Aegina, Poros, Salamina, Spetses, Hydra and the
coastal area of Methana) they have a rich mythical tradition and
a history of many centuries that begins from the Prehistoric era.
The islands connected their progress and course with sea. They flourished
in the 6th century B.C. and they achieved an especial development
in commerce and navigation. Their flourish reduced when Athens made
known as a great marine power, after the end of the Persian wars,
in which the islands took part and the most important naval battle
between Greeks and Persians took place in the Salamina’s narrow
in 480 B.C.
At that time, they accepted Athenians possessors by allotment. Following,
they passed in Macedonian’s domination and later on, they submitted
to Romans. In the Byzantine era they experienced repeatedly destructions
by piratical raids. Very important was also their contribution to
the Greek Revolution of 1821.